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What is Adult Safeguarding?

Safeguarding is about protecting an adult's right to live safely, free from abuse and neglect. It is about people working together to prevent and reduce the risks of abuse or neglect, while at the same time making sure that the adult’s wellbeing is promoted.

Wellbeing is a broad concept and the statutory guidance defines it as relating to the following nine areas in particular:

  • Personal dignity (including treatment of the individual with respect)
  • Physical and mental health and emotional wellbeing
  • Protection from abuse and neglect
  • Control by the individual over day to day life (including over care and support provided and the way it is provided)
  • Participation in work, education, training or recreation
  • Social and economic wellbeing
  • Domestic, family and personal relationships
  • Suitability of living accommodation
  • The individual’s contribution to society

It is the local authority’s duty under Section 42 of the Care Act 2014 to make enquiries, or direct others to do so, when concerns about abuse or neglect are raised.

An adult safeguarding concern applies when you have identified a person over the age of 18 years who:

a. Appears to have NEEDS FOR CARE AND SUPPORT (whether or not the Local Authority is meeting any of those needs) and;
b. Is experiencing, or at risk of, abuse or neglect and;
c. As a result of those care and support needs, is unable to protect themselves from either the risk of, or the experience of abuse and neglect.

Definition of Care and Support Needs

There are three conditions:

1. The adult’s needs arise from or are related to physical or mental impairment or illness
(this includes if the adult has a condition as a result of physical, mental, sensory, learning or cognitive disabilities or illness, substance misuse or brain injury).

2. As a result of the adult’s needs he/she is unable to achieve two or more of the specified outcomes listed below.

3. As a consequence of being unable to achieve these outcomes there is, or is likely to be, a significant impact on wellbeing – including the adult’s ability to protect themselves from abuse and neglect.

Specified Outcomes

  • Managing and maintaining nutrition.
  • Maintaining personal hygiene.
  • Managing toilet needs.
  • Being appropriately clothed.
  • Being able to make use of the home safely.
  • Maintaining a habitable home environment.
  • Developing and maintaining family and other personal relationships.
  • Accessing and engaging in work, training, education and volunteering.
  • Making use of necessary facilities or services in the local community.
  • Carrying out any caring responsibility for a child.

St Helens is committed to Making Safeguarding Personal

“Making Safeguarding Personal (MSP) is about seeing people as experts in their own lives and working alongside them with the aim of enabling them to resolve their circumstances and support their recovery. MSP is also about collecting information about the extent to which this shift has a positive impact on people’s lives. It is a shift from a process supported by conversations to a series of conversations supported by a process.”