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Safeguarding is about protecting an adult's right to live safely, free from abuse and neglect. It is about people working together to prevent and reduce the risks of abuse or neglect, while at the same time making sure that the adult’s wellbeing is promoted.
Wellbeing is a broad concept and the statutory guidance defines it as relating to the following nine areas in particular:
It is the local authority’s duty under Section 42 of the Care Act 2014 to make enquiries, or direct others to do so, when concerns about abuse or neglect are raised.
An adult safeguarding concern applies when you have identified a person over the age of 18 years who:
a. Appears to have NEEDS FOR CARE AND SUPPORT (whether or not the Local Authority is meeting any of those needs) and;
b. Is experiencing, or at risk of, abuse or neglect and;
c. As a result of those care and support needs, is unable to protect themselves from either the risk of, or the experience of abuse and neglect.
There are three conditions:
1. The adult’s needs arise from or are related to physical or mental impairment or illness
(this includes if the adult has a condition as a result of physical, mental, sensory, learning or cognitive disabilities or illness, substance misuse or brain injury).
2. As a result of the adult’s needs he/she is unable to achieve two or more of the specified outcomes listed below.
3. As a consequence of being unable to achieve these outcomes there is, or is likely to be, a significant impact on wellbeing – including the adult’s ability to protect themselves from abuse and neglect.
“Making Safeguarding Personal (MSP) is about seeing people as experts in their own lives and working alongside them with the aim of enabling them to resolve their circumstances and support their recovery. MSP is also about collecting information about the extent to which this shift has a positive impact on people’s lives. It is a shift from a process supported by conversations to a series of conversations supported by a process.”